The chiropractic doctor practices holistic therapy which is founded on the premise that the body contains an innate ability to heal itself. It is the job of the chiropractic doctor to enhance the body to do this and the doctor accomplishes this by steering the body through natural healing processes. This philosophy has made chiropractic the second largest primary health care system in the world. Chiropractic medicine practices the belief that the relationship between the spinal column and the nervous system is an infinite connection. In other words, the nervous system is comprised of the central nervous system, which is the brain and the spinal cord, and the autonomic nervous system, and the peripheral nervous system. All of the body’s tissues and organs are connected to the spinal. The chiropractic doctor believes the misalignment of the spinal cord affects the other parts of the body and creates pain, disease, and various abnormalities. The chiropractic doctor understands disease is aggravated by disturbances of the nervous system caused by improper rest, inadequate exercise, poor nutrition, and environmental factors. The chiropractic doctor utilizes a ray of diagnostic tools to determine the illness of a patient and the necessary tests to determine treatment. After conducting a through medical history of the patient, the chiropractic doctor will order tests for a diagnosis. Blood tests, x-rays, CT scans, MRIs, and Thermography are among the diagnostic tools the doctor will use. Once a diagnosis is made, the chiropractic doctor will create treatment for the patient from an array of therapies. Common chiropractic techniques are manipulation, mechanical traction, massage and soft tissue mobilization, electrical muscle stimulation and interferential therapy, diathermy, cryotherapy, hydrocollator packs, rehabilitation and exercise, and nutritional counseling. Manipulation is a primary chiropractic therapeutic procedure in that the chiropractor uses the hands or a small instrument to exert a controlled, sudden force to the spine to correct structural alignment. Mechanical spinal traction uses mechanical devises to exert a pulling force through halters and straps. The force results in a gliding separation of the neck and spine segments. The purpose is to reduce spinal compression by increasing space for spinal nerves and elongated muscle tissue. The goal is to increase blood to the disc and decrease pressure which helps retract disc bulges. Mechanical spinal traction is appropriate for degenerative disc disease. Traction helps the separation of vertebral, thereby, decreasing disc pressure where bulging, hernia, and protrusion have occurred. Mechanical spinal traction is helpful in spinal stenosis where narrowing of the vertebral occurs. Traction applied in a forward-bending technique relieves pressure on the nerve. Mechanical spinal traction is suggested for generalized hypomobility where tightness and lack of normal spinal motion has taken place and for muscle spasm. In muscle spasm, the gentle traction helps to alleviate the spasm for pain relief. Massage and soft tissue mobilization techniques exert mild pressure on soft tissues. Slow rhythmic movements are employed rather than sharp quick thrusts to reduce muscle spasm, soreness and tightness. Massage is usually the most popular by the patient chiropractic treatment. Top Tips to Chiropractic Treatment, Part Two will continue exploring available chiropractic treatments for pain and disease.